The city of Ouazzane in northern Morocco is known for its lush greenery and unique architecture. Olive groves, orchards, and green pastures surround the city, which is nestled in the foothills of the Rif Mountains. We will explore Ouazzane’s history, why it’s known as the Green City, and its importance throughout history in this article.
A fertile land and abundant water sources attracted Berber tribes to Ouazzane in the 11th century. Throughout history, Ouazzane has been an important trading post, connecting Morocco’s coastal cities with the interior regions, derived from the Berber word “ouazen,” which means “fertile land.”
Greenery is one of Ouazzane’s most distinctive features. This lush vegetation is due to the city’s location in the foothills of the Rif Mountains, which receive ample rainfall throughout the year. A number of natural springs and streams supply agriculture and livestock with water in the city.
In the 17th and 18th centuries, Ouazzane became a center of Sufi mysticism and Islamic scholarship. The city was home to many influential Sufi masters, whose teachings attracted pilgrims from all over the Islamic world. A remarkable example of traditional Moroccan architecture can be found in the city’s medina, or old town, which was built during this time.
In the 20th century, Ouazzane became a hub for the production of cannabis. Growing the crop in the region was ideal because of the fertile land and abundant water supply. Olives, figs, and almonds are produced in Ouazzane today, making it an important agricultural center.
The history of Ouazzane is rich and varied, and its greenery has played a significant role in its development. Through history, the city’s fertile land and abundant water sources have attracted settlers and traders, and its blend of Sufi mysticism and traditional architecture has made it a popular tourist destination. Morocco’s agricultural industry relies on Ouazzane to this day, making it a vital part of the country’s economy.