Biotechnology is a multidisciplinary field that enables the development of applications in areas such as the development of products and services using biological systems, food production, medical treatments, disease diagnosis and environmental protection. Biotechnology encompasses many disciplines such as genetic engineering, microbiology, biochemistry and molecular biology.
By studying the genetic makeup of microorganisms, plants and animals, biotechnology aims to control, manipulate and optimize the functions of these organisms. It is used in many applications such as providing better food production, improving medical treatments, helping to defend against possible attacks by biological weapons, protecting the environment.
One of the most important applications of biotechnology is genetic engineering and the production and use of biological agents. Many new techniques have been developed in this field, especially with the development of genetics. Thanks to these techniques, more efficient results can be obtained, especially in food production and medical treatments, by manipulating the genetic material of an organism.
Another application of biotechnology is food production using disciplines such as biochemistry and molecular biology. In this field, better quality, delicious and healthy foods can be produced by manipulating the genetic structure of microorganisms, especially yeasts and bacteria, used in food production.
Biotechnology also plays an important role in the medical field. In this field, new techniques are developed for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, especially with the use of genetic engineering and biological agents. Biotechnology is used in the treatment of various diseases such as cancer treatment, heart diseases and neurological disorders.
As a result, biotechnology is a branch of science that focuses on the development of products and services using biological systems by bringing together many disciplines.
Many of these obtained products are used in food, medicine and industrial applications. For example, many drugs such as enzymes, antibiotics, insulin and growth hormones produced using modern biotechnology methods are produced. In addition, biotechnology has a great contribution to food production. The production of products such as cheese, yogurt, beer, wine and bread prepared by the fermentation method has an important place in the field of biotechnology.
Industrial biotechnology, on the other hand, includes the production of products used in many different industrial applications using biological systems. The production of products such as biofuel, bio-plastic, bio-paint, bio-detergent is among the sub-branches of industrial biotechnology.
As a result, biotechnology plays a large role in the development and production of products through the use and manipulation of living organisms. Thanks to the advances in this rapidly developing field, more efficient and sustainable solutions can be produced in various industrial, medical and agricultural applications.